Resources

Langen Suka’s resources include gamelan notation, vocal notation, teaching material, translations of Javanese vocal texts, a short list of recommended books and articles about Javanese gamelan and dance, and links to other websites. A glossary of terms relating to gamelan and dance is also provided here. These resources are compiled here for our members’ benefit but we also share them publicly in the hope that they might be useful or of interest to others around the world.

Balungan Notation

  • Ladrang Asmaradana, slendro manyura
  • Gendhing Babar Layar, pelog lima
  • Lancaran Baita Kandhas – Ladrang Gangsaran, pelog nem
  • Gendhing Bondhet – Ketawang Ibu Pertiwi, pelog nem
  • Gendhing Candra – Ladrang Sri Hascarya – Ladrang Wesmester, slendro sanga
  • Langgam Candhi Baru, pelog nem
  • Gendhing Dhenggung Turulare, pelog lima
  • Gendhing Ela-Ela Kalibeber, slendro sanga
  • Beksan Endah (Ayak-Ayakan Mangu, pelog nem – Ladrang Enggar-Enggar – Lancaran Makarya, pelog barang)
  • Beksan Gambir Anom (Lancaran Rena-Rena, slendro nem – Ketawang Kinanthi Sandhung slendro manyura – Srepegan, slendro nem)
  • Tari Gambyong Pareanom versi Pak Maridi (Ladrang Tirtakencana – Gobyogan Pareanom – Gendhing Gambirsawit Pancerana, pelog nem)
  • Tari Gambyong Pareanom versi PKJT (Ladrang – Gobyogan Pareanom – Gendhing Gambirsawit Pancerana – Lancaran, pelog nem)
  • Gendhing Gandakusuma – Ladrang Gandasuli – Ketawang Subakastawa, slendro sanga
  • Gendhing Gandakusuma – Ladrang Subasiti, slendro sanga
  • Ladrang Gunungsari, pelog nem
  • Topeng Gunungsari (Gendhing Bondhet – Kebaran Bondhet Mataraman – Ladrangan, pelog nem)
  • Gendhing Jangkung Kuning – Ladrang Randha Ngangsu, pelog barang
  • Tari Karonsih (Ketawang Pangkur Ngrenas, pelog lima – Gangsaran pelog lima/barang – Ketawang Kinanthi Sandhung – Gendhing Lambangsari – Ladrang Sigramangsah, pelog barang)
  • Lancaran Kebo Giro, pelog barang – Lancaran Manyar Sewu, slendro manyura/pelog barang
  • Gendhing Kembang GayamPareanom – Ketawang Mijil Kethoprakan, pelog nem
  • Gendhing Minggah Kinanthi – Ayak-Ayakan Ngelik – Srepegan – Sampak, slendro manyura
  • Gendhing Minggah Kinanthi – Ladrang Kembang Pepe – Ayak-Ayakan Pamungkas, slendro manyura
  • Gendhing Kocak – Ladrang Diradameta, slendro nem
  • Gendhing Laler Mengeng – Ladrang Tlutur – Ketawang Pangkur Dhudha Kasmaran, slendro sanga
  • Ketawang Langen Suka, pelog barang
  • Ketawang Langen Suka, slendro manyura
  • Lancaran Lumbung Desa, slendro sanga
  • Gendhing Majemuk – Ketawang Kinanthi Sandhung, slendro nem
  • Gendhing Majemuk – Srepegan Pinjalan, slendro nem
  • Gendhing Majemuk – Ladrang Siyem, slendro nem
  • Beksan Menak Koncar (Ladrang/Ketawang Asmaradana, slendro manyura)
  • Ayak-Ayakan Ngelik, slendro manyura/pelog barang
  • Langgam Ngimpi – Langgam Luntur – Langgam Kadhung Tresna, slendro sanga barang miring
  • Ketawang Pangkur Ngrenas, pelog lima
  • Ladrang Pariwisata, slendro sanga
  • Gendhing Pramugari, pelog barang
  • Gendhing Randhukentir – Ladrang Ayun-Ayun – Ketawang Puspanjala, pelog nem
  • Ketawang Rangsang Tuban, pelog nem
  • Langgam Setya Tuhu – Langgam Melathi Rinonce – Langgam Ora Nglindur, pelog nem
  • Lancaran Singanebah, slendro manyura/pelog barang
  • Lancaran Singanebah – Ladrang Bima Kurda, pelog barang
  • Ladrang Sri Katon – Ketawang Suksma Ilang, slendro manyura
  • Ladrang Sri Rejeki, pelog nem
  • Ketawang Subakastawa, slendro sanga/pelog nem
  • Ladrang Tedhak Saking, pelog barang
  • Gendhing Tejasari – Ladrang Sembawa Bedhayan – Ketawang Pangkur Ngrenas, pelog lima
  • Gendhing Tukung, pelog barang
  • Jineman Uler Kambang, slendro sanga/pelog nem – Bubaran Udan Mas, pelog barang
  • Ladrang Wilujeng, slendro manyura – Ladrang Slamet, pelog barang/lima
  • Langgam Yen Ing Tawang Ana Lintang – Langgam Wuyung – Langgam Putri Gunung, pelog nem

Vocal Notation

Teaching Material

Translations of vocal texts

Books and articles on Gamelan and Dance

Instructional material – general, introductory
Instructional material – particular instruments

Bonang

  • Lysloff, René T. A. “The Bonang Barung in Contemporary Gamelan Performance Practice”. Balungan 2/1–2 (1985–86): 31–40.

Celempung/Siter

  • Marsono and Hendarto, Sri. Celempung/Siteran. Yogyakarta: Akademi Seni Tari Indonesia, 1983.

Gambang

  • Scholz, Carter. “Gambang Cengkok in Slendro Manyura”. Balungan 9–10 (2004): 38–58.
  • Sutton, R. Anderson. The Javanese Gambang and its Music. Master of Arts thesis. University of Hawaii, 1975.
  • Widiyanto S. Putro. “Beginning Gambang”. Balungan 11 (2010): 55–56.

Gender

  • Brinner, Ben. “Cengkok for the Gender”. Balungan 1/2 (1985): 20–21.
  • Marsudi. “An Introduction to the Slendro Gender Panerus Including Cengkok Notation”. Balungan 3/2 (1988): 24–35.
  • Polansky, Larry. Beginning Central Javanese Gender. American Gamelan Institute, 1993/1999, rev. 2005.
  • Soedarsono Wignyosaputro. “Beginning Gender Technique”. Balungan 1/2 (1985): 22.
  • Sumarsam. “Gendèr Barung, Its Technique and Function in the Context of Javanese Gamelan”. Indonesia 20 (1975): 161–172.

Kendhang

  • Martopangrawit. Titilaras Kendhangan. Surakarta: Akademi Seni Karawitan Indonesia, 1972.
  • Sumarsam. “Introduction to Ciblon Drumming in Javanese Gamelan”. Karawitan: Source Readings in Javanese Gamelan and Vocal Music, ed. J. Becker and A. Feinstein, Vol. 1, 171–203. Ann Arbor: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, The University of Michigan, 1984–1988.

Kenong

  • Purwanto, Djoko. “Permainan Ricikan Kenong dalam Karawitan Jawa Gaya Surakarta”. Gelar 11/2 (2013): 121–138.

Kethuk

  • Purwanto, Djoko. “Ricikan Kethuk pada Karawitan Gaya Surakarta”. Gelar 8/2 (2010): 207–218.
Aspects of gamelan music

Gatra

  • Supanggah, Rahayu. “Gatra: A Basic Concept of Traditional Javanese Gending”. Balungan 9–10 (2004): 1–11.

Irama

Pathet

  • Hastanto, Sri. The Concept of Pathet in Central Javanese Gamelan Music. Doctoral thesis. Durham: Durham University, 1985.
  • Martopangrawit. Catatan Pengetahuan Karawitan. Surakarta: Akademi Seni Karawitan Indonesia, 1975.
  • Walton, Susan Pratt. Mode in Javanese Music. Monographs in International Studies, Southeast Asia Series No. 79. Athens: Ohio University, 1986.

Rasa

Notation
  • Martopangrawit. Dibuang Sayang: Lagu dan Cakepan Gerongan Gendhing Gendhing Gaya Surakarta. Surakarta: Akademi Seni Karawitan Indonesia, 1988.
  • Mloyowidodo, S. Gending-Gending Jawa Gaya Surakarta. Surakarta: Akademi Seni Karawitan Indonesia, 1976.
  • Wasitodiningrat, K. R. T. The Vocal Notation of K. R. T. Wasitodiningrat.
Gamelan –general and cultural context
  • Becker, Judith. “Time and Tune in Java”. The Imagination of Reality: Essays in Southeast Asian Coherence Systems, ed. A. Becker and A. Yengoyan, 197-210. Norwood: Ablex Publishing, 1979.
  • Becker, Judith. Traditional Music in Modern Java: Gamelan in a Changing Society. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1980.
  • Becker, Judith O. and Feinstein, Alan H. (eds.). Karawitan: Source Readings in Javanese Gamelan and Vocal Music. Ann Arbor: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, The University of Michigan, 1984–1988.
  • Brinner, Benjamin. Knowing Music, Making Music: Javanese Gamelan and the Theory of Musical Competence and Interaction. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
  • Lindsay, Jennifer. Javanese Gamelan: Traditional Orchestra of Indonesia, 2nd edition. Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1992.
  • Pemberton, John. “Musical Politics in Central Java (or How Not to Listen to a Javanese Gamelan)”. Indonesia 44 (1987): 17–29.
  • Sumarsam. Gamelan: Cultural Interaction and Musical Development in Central Java. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
  • Sumarsam. “Inner Melody in Javanese Gamelan”. Karawitan: Source Readings in Javanese Gamelan and Vocal Music, ed. J. Becker and A. Feinstein, Vol. 1, 245–304. Ann Arbor: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, The University of Michigan, 1984–1988.
  • Supanggah, Rahayu. Bothekan Karawitan. Jakarta: Masyarakat Seni Pertunjukan Indonesia/Surakarta: ISI Press, 2002.
  • Suyenaga, Joan. “Patterns in Process: Java through Gamelan”. Aesthetic Tradition and Cultural Transition in Java and Bali, ed. S. Morgan and L. Sears, 83–104. Madison: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, University of Wisconsin.
Dance
  • Brakel-Papenhuyzen, Clara. The Bedhaya Court Dances of Central Java. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1992.
  • Brakel-Papenhuyzen, Clara. Classical Javanese Dance: The Surakarta Tradition and Its Terminology. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1995.
  • Holt, Claire. Art in Indonesia: Continuities and Change. Ithaca (NY): Cornell University Press, 1967.
  • Miettinen, Jukka O. Classical Dance and Theatre in South-East Asia. Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Links to Other Websites